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Study of the forcibly displaced from the areas of Damascus and its countryside

Study of the forcibly displaced from the areas of Damascus and its countryside

Study of the forcibly displaced from the areas of Damascus and its countryside

The areas of Damascus and its villages have been subjected to many forced displacement campaigns imposed on their residents, forcing them to move to the province of Idlib. The displacement included the following areas:

  • Al-Tal
  • Al-Hamah & Qudsiyah
  • Muadamiyat al-Sham
  • Darayya
  • Khan al-Sheikh
  • Kanaker
  • zakyah
  • Beit Jinn
  • Wadi Barada
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Information about the study

A team of 5 researchers were deployed in Idleb governorate to monitor the number of displaced persons. 516 villages or towns, except for the camps, were monitored in addition to five neighborhoods in the city of Idlib. Thus, 67 sites that housed displaced persons were monitored.

Work began on 2/01/2017 and ended on 06/02/2017. During the survey, the people of Wadi Barada were displaced and were included in the research.

A total of 9,995 persons were forcibly displaced from the areas of Damascus and its villages to 67 locations in Idlib Governorate

  • 27.3% men
  • 32.7% women
  • 34.1% children
  • 5.9% infants
  • men
  • women
  • children
  • infants

Distribution of IDPs in their areas of displacement

Distribution of IDPs in their areas of displacemen

The displaced persons spread out within the governorate of Idleb to 67 sites. The map shows the places of distribution:

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Accommodation and future intentions of the displaced

The forcibly displaced persons were distributed in Idleb governorate. Their areas of residence are divided between camps, rented homes, public buildings, host families, and shared shelters.

  • 19.8% of the displaced live in shared shelters
  • 48.6% of the displaced reside in rented accommodation
  • 5.7% of the displaced live in public housing
  • 25% of the displaced live with host families
  • 0.9% of the displaced live in tents
  • Accommodation in shared shelters
  • Accommodation in rented homes
  • Accommodation in public buildings
  • Accommodation with host families
  • Accommodation in tents

The study here divided the displaced into three categories according to their intention to remain in the place of displacement or departure to another location (neighboring countries or immigration) or uncertain. Categories distributed as follows:

  • 58.50% of the displaced want to stay in the place of displacement
  • 27.10% of the displaced want to leave
  • 14.30% of the displaced were not sure about their intention to stay or leave
  • stay
  • leave
  • not sure

The basic needs of the displaced

The study focused on the most important basic needs of the displaced forcibly from the areas of Damascus and its countryside in the province of Idlib, Which included 67 sites surveyed the basic needs of the displaced in those sites and these needs are:

  • Shelter
  • water
  • Food
  • In-kind (non-food)
  • Education
  • Medical Conditions (Disability)

1. Shelter

The study sets forth the needs of the forcibly displaced for shelter, and the aid provided to them at the sites where they settled in Idlib Governorate were as follows:

  • 14.9% of sites do not need shelter assistance
  • 9% of sites an adequate aid was provided
  • 44.8% of sites insufficient aid was provided
  • 31% of sites aid was not provided
  • don't need aid
  • Adequate aid was provided
  • Inadequate aid was provided
  • no aid was provided

2. Water

The study demonstrated the needs of the forcibly displaced for water and aid offered in the sites where they settled in the governorate of Idleb was as follows:

  • 7.5% of sites do not need aid (water)
  • 65.7% adequate aid was provided
  • 11.9% of sites insufficient aid was provided
  • 22.4% of sites no aid was provided
  • don't need aid
  • adequate aid was provided
  • inadequate aid was provided
  • no need was provided

3. Nutrition

The study demonstrated the needs of the forcibly displaced for food and aid provided to them at the sites where they settled in Idleb governorate was as follows:

  • 0.0% of sites do not need aid (food)
  • 50.7% of sites adequate aid was provided
  • 32.8% of the sites insufficient aid was provided
  • 16.4% of the sites did not provide aid
  • don't need aid
  • adequate aid was provided
  • inadequate aid was provided
  • no aid was provided

4. Non-food items

The study demonstrated the needs of the forcibly displaced for non-food items and the aid provided to them at the sites where they settled in Idlib Governorate was as follows:

  • 1.5% of sites do not need aid (non-food items)
  • 4.5% of sites adequate aid was provided
  • 77.6% of the sites insufficient aid was provided
  • 16.4% of the sites aid was not provided
  • don't need aid
  • adequate aid was provided
  • inadequate aid was provided
  • aid was not provided

5. Education

The study demonstrated the needs of the forcibly displaced for education and the aid provided to them at the sites where they settled in Idlib Governorate was as follows:

  • 37.3% of sites do not need aid (education)
  • 3% of sites adequate aid was provided
  • 9% of sites insufficient aid was provided
  • 50.7% of sites no aid was provided
  • don't need aid
  • adequate aid was provided
  • inadequate aid was provided
  • no aid was provided

6. Health Conditions (Disability)

For the health cases of the forcibly displaced from the areas of Damascus and its countryside. The study focused on the survey of mental disabilities and sustainable and treatable disabilities. The following cases were found among the displaced:

  • 9 mental disability
  • 277 treatable disability
  • 59 permanent disability
  • 9

    mental disability

  • 277

    treatable disability

  • 59

    permanent disability

Areas threatened with forced displacement

The questionnaire and study were completed in February 2017. Until this date, there are areas that are threatened with forced displacement and are being restricted by continuous siege, continuous shelling and military campaigns. These areas are:

  • Barzeh and Tishreen
  • Qaboun
  • Neighborhoods and towns south of Damascus
  • Eastern Ghouta Region

After study

After the completion of the study, in March 2017, WIAM Organization for Peace Enhancement conducted a workshop about the forcibly displaced from the areas of Damascus and its countryside and their basic needs and assistance. The workshop was attended by a number of civil society organizations interested in internal Syrian affairs, especially organizations operating in the governorates of Damascus and its villages, and the head of the interim government, Dr. Jawad Abu Hatab, and the Secretary General of the National Coalition for the forces of the revolution and the Syrian opposition, Abdel-Elah Fahd, in addition to a number of figures active in the Syrian scene.

WIAM

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